Pandemics could happen more often in future, kill more people and wreak even worse damage on the global economy.
Many indigenous people have had a close relationship with nature which is antithetical to unsustainable exploitation.
Just 5% of the Southern Ocean is protected, leaving biodiversity hotspots exposed to threats from human activity.
Across Australia as many as 30,000 koalas died in the fires last summer.
"Only a small number of countries are addressing the biodiversity crisis in the serious manner it deserves."
Artists are required to place hunting elements in their Duck Stamp contest entries, but some say that art now showcases pollution.