"Nature-based interventions could be prescribed to assist individuals attempting to give up smoking," says lead author Leanne Martin.
Pandemics could happen more often in future, kill more people and wreak even worse damage on the global economy.
Many indigenous people have had a close relationship with nature which is antithetical to unsustainable exploitation.
Just 5% of the Southern Ocean is protected, leaving biodiversity hotspots exposed to threats from human activity.
Across Australia as many as 30,000 koalas died in the fires last summer.
"Only a small number of countries are addressing the biodiversity crisis in the serious manner it deserves."