In just a few months some 5.8 million hectares of broadleaf forest burned down in New South Wales and Victoria.
Firefly experts from across the globe described threats to the beloved insect, which also include pesticide use and tourism.
Indonesia's plans to move the capital to Borneo raise concerns about both biodiversity impacts and the city left behind.
A "Defender of the Monarch Butterfly" might have been murdered over his opposition to illegal logging.
Not even the largest forests can withstand deforestation beyond a tipping point, scientists warn.
The only known 'prehistoric' Wollemi trees on earth are alive, but the surrounding damage is incalculable.