Apex predators like sharks play an important role in regulating species dynamics in their marine ecosystems.
Not even some pristine tropical isles are free from the scourge of abandonded fishing nets.
The long-term outlook for the ecosystem of the reef has deteriorated from poor to very poor and climate, UNESCO says.
The biomineral that forms the skeleton of corals contains a highly organized organic mix of proteins, which resembles bone.
As species flee to cooler waters, it’s likely to have profound implications for marine ecosystems and human livelihoods.
Vietnam was issued a yellow card in October 2017 by the European Commission (EC) because of rampant illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities by Vietnamese fishermen and fishing vessels. Since then, following its carding system, the EC have conducted